Sugar maple is rich in malic and tartaric acids. It also contains GCGs (glucitol-core-containing gallotannins, a type of phenolic group) that shield skin from inflammation and lighten visible pigmentation.
Allantoin is a moisturising and soothing ingredient that is found naturally in the root of the comfrey plant. It helps hydrate skin and lock in moisture. It’s one of the few ingredients that can do both.
Alpha arbutin is a natural skin brightener from bearberry; an edible red berry that is a favourite food of bears. It can lighten the appearance of hyperpigmentation by inhibiting the activity of an enzyme in skin known as tyrosinase.
Frankincense has astringent and cytophylactic (cell growth stimulating) qualities that may reduce the appearance of fine lines and discoloration. It is a non-sensitising essential oil that provides a sultry, woody, spicy scent.